By F. S. Naiden
This is often the 1st book-length remedy of supplication, a tremendous social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has got little awareness, and no past examine has explored such a lot of elements of the perform. Naiden investigates the numerous gestures made through the supplicants, the categories of requests they make, the arguments utilized in security in their requests, and the position of the supplicandus, who evaluates and makes a decision no matter if to satisfy the requests. different and ample resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and likewise between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its criminal and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough learn, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, artwork, and medical resources. 30 illustrations and a map of the appropriate destinations accompany the textual content.
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Additional resources for Ancient Supplication
1 (Lars Porsenna). Africa: Liv. 11–18 (Masinissa), Luc. 287–88 (Juba). Scythia: Polyaen. 1. 5. David: 2 Ki. 4–24. Ahab: 3 Ki. 32–34. 7 All these suppliants prove successful. The king has the power to forgive the wayward, protect the exile or captive, and shelter the fugitive, and he uses it. But the most important royal supplicandus is the Roman emperor. Augustus receives supplications at every turn. When he goes to dinner, the host’s slave supplicates him. When he receives foreign rulers, they supplicate him.
Ancient 72. And for the Continent, the websites of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Karlsruher Virtuelle Katalog, and the Biblioteche nationali centrali of Rome and Florence. 73. A gamut of Homeric suppliants: possible runaway slave (Philoetius, Od. 222–23), king (Priam, Il. 477–570), priest (Chryses, Il. 12–34), witch (Circe, Od. 323–47), all noticed by Whitfield, The Restored Relation, 64–65. 3–4). 5–6). 74. A sample of Europeans from west to east: Spaniards (App. Hisp. 61), Gauls (Caes.
6–7. These are instances of supplication reported by these sources, not instances of supplicatory language in forensic speeches, and thus not instances falling short of supplication in the prevailing view. 24. Italian: Cic. Clu. 200. Consul-designate: Mur. 86–87. Senator: Rab. Perd. 37. 34 Ancient Supplication met, defendants must have supplicated them. So must have those who aided defendants, notably advocates. 25 These examples involve orderly, mostly peacetime settings. On a battlefield, a suppliant may discover that an individual soldier wields the power to spare or save him, and not any higher authority like a commander, let alone the king or assembly to which the commander is responsible (and to which, like Gylippus, he may defer).
Ancient Supplication by F. S. Naiden