By T. Douglas Price
Even supposing occupied basically really in short within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating prior human societies. the realm used to be basically unoccupied till the top of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of big ice sheets left at the back of a clean, barren land floor, which was once finally coated through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive till someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric is still of human job in Scandinavia - a lot of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly special portrait of the evolution of human society. during this e-book, Doug fee offers an archaeological heritage of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. developed equally to the author's past ebook, Europe earlier than Rome, historical Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch through precise, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and accomplished photograph emerges of switch around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the marvelous upward thrust of the Vikings. the cloth facts of those previous societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships - supply bright testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable global.
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Extra info for Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings
C. 22 A ncient S candina v ia the time of the Atlantic climatic episode. The latter three species were ubiquitous throughout much of Europe in the early Holocene. There are important changes in the distribution of certain species during the Holocene. Bears, elk, and aurochs disappeared from the islands of southern Scandinavia, due to a combination of overhunting and limited carrying capacity on the islands. Aurochs were likely also absent in Sweden by this time. These species remained in Jylland and the rest of continental northern Europe.
This story begins around 110,000 years ago with the onset of the last major cold stage of the Pleistocene, known as the P lace , T ime , and A rchaeology 15 LGM, about 20 ka Weichselian Glaciation. 2 miles) in height. Its weight caused the frozen mass to spread at the edges. In such a manner, a huge glacier of almost unimaginable proportions expanded horizontally as more snow and ice accumulated. This ice sheet moved across the landscape as much as 150 m (almost 500′) or more per year. In a period of several hundred years, the front of this continental ice sheet moved more than 1,000 km (620 miles) across Norway and Sweden, and by the late Weichselian it covered more than half of Denmark.
Inside the Arctic Circle. A small band of foragers arrived by sea and set up camp along the shoreline. They probably traveled in skin boats and were perhaps the first people ever to reach this distant, isolated place. This coastal environment was rich in the resources of the sea, however, and very attractive to such small mobile groups. 1) holds the evidence for that encampment and is described later in this chapter. Within a few generations, the descendants of these maritime hunters also began to exploit the interior, preying on reindeer at higher elevations next to still active glaciers.
Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price