By Mark Hendrickson
As soon as seen as a special period characterised by means of excessive bigotry, nostalgia for less complicated instances, and a revulsion opposed to lively executive, the Nineteen Twenties were rediscovered via historians in contemporary a long time as a time whilst Herbert Hoover and his allies labored to seriously reform financial coverage. In American exertions and fiscal Citizenship, Mark Hendrickson either augments and amends this view by way of learning the origins and improvement of recent period coverage services and data. Policy-oriented social scientists in executive, alternate union, educational, and nonprofit businesses confirmed how equipment for attaining reliable monetary development via elevated productiveness may well either defang the scary company cycle and defuse the development of adverse type family that Gilded Age depressions had helped to set as an American approach of commercial family members. associated through rising associations comparable to the Social technology learn Council, the nationwide city League, and the Women's Bureau, social investigators attacked rampant sexual and racial discrimination, usually justified by way of mistaken organic arguments, that denied woman and minority employees complete fiscal citizenship within the place of work and the polity. those students tested that those practices not just constrained productiveness and undercut accelerated intake, but additionally belied the claims for equity that needs to buttress coverage visions in a democracy.
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Extra info for American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression
As Simon Kuznets noted in the 1950s, inequality increased over the course of the long Gilded Age and through the 1920s, interrupted only by income compression during World War I. 28 Savings (New York: NBER, 1953); Elliot Brownlee, Dynamics of Ascent: A History of the American Economy (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974), 264–84; and Emmanuel Saez, “Striking It Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Update with 2007 Estimates),” 5. edu/%7Esaez/saez-UStopincomes-2007. pdf. 27 A. F.
When Van Kleeck addressed the NUL and spoke of employers who followed “blindly the myths about the incapacity of women and their industrial traits” and the resulting lack of access to better-paying occupations and equal pay for equal work, leaders in the NUL could nod in agreement. 50 Yet at other times, a shared status could be of great concern, as when experts gravely pondered the reality that with the ending of mass immigration after World War I, black, Mexican American, and Mexican immigrant workers appeared to be left to compete with against one another for the least skilled and poorest paying occupations.
During this time, Ogburn worked actively in labor reform circles, but with growing discomfort. He increasingly became concerned, according to Ross, that his activism cast the university in “disfavor” and that he was working on issues about which he had no particular expertise. ”43 There is no reason to doubt Ross’s characterization of this transition in the professional life of Ogburn or the many others for whom Ogburn’s experiences are representative. But the investigations and activism described in the second half of this book suggest the presence of a whole range of social scientists who, unlike Ogburn, saw empiricism as a path rather than an alternative to social action.
American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression by Mark Hendrickson