Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles: A Brief Review of Power - download pdf or read online

By J. H. Horlock

ISBN-10: 0080442730

ISBN-13: 9780080442730

Primarily this ebook describes the thermodynamics of fuel turbine cycles. the quest for top fuel turbine potency has produced many diversifications at the uncomplicated "open circuit" plant, concerning using warmth exchangers, reheating and intercooling, water and steam injection, cogeneration and mixed cycle vegetation. those are defined totally within the text.

A evaluation of contemporary proposals for a couple of novel fuel turbine cycles can also be integrated. long ago few years paintings has been directed in the direction of constructing fuel generators which produce much less carbon dioxide, or crops from which the CO2 should be disposed of; the consequences of a carbon tax on electrical energy pricing are thought of.

In featuring this huge survey of fuel turbine cycles for energy new release the writer calls on either his educational event (at Cambridge and Liverpool Universities, the fuel Turbine Laboratory at MIT and Penn country collage) and his commercial paintings (primarily with Rolls Royce, plc.) The ebook could be crucial studying for ultimate yr and masters scholars in mechanical engineering, and for practicing engineers.

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Extra info for Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles: A Brief Review of Power Generation Thermodynamics

Sample text

25) + (1 - and the efficiency as + ([A]/NDNW))-'. 26) NDHT = q/[cp(T3- Ti )I = E(NDNW) [AI, where [A] = [ ( 2 ~ 1)NDCW 7 = NDNW/NDHT = { E E)], The graphical representation is not as simple as that for the [CHTII cycle, but still informative. It is also shown in Fig. 75. The term in the square Chapter 3. Basic gas turbine cycles 39 brackets [A] in Eq. 2. The effect of varying E can also be interpreted from this type of diagram. e. 0). 5), the tangent meets the curve to the left of the maximum in NDNW, whereas for low E the tangent point is to the right.

6). Then the efficiency approaches that of a Carnot cycle since all the heat is supplied at the maximum temperature TB = T,, and all the heat is rejected at the minimum temperature TA = Tmin. T T 3 3 2 1‘ 1 1’ 1 S a S b Fig. 5. T,sdiagram for intercooling added to reversible simple and ncuperative cycles. Chapter 3. Basic gas htrbinc cycles 33 qI3 \ isentropic turbines isentropic compressors S Fig. 6. T,s diagram for 'ultimate' reversible gas turbine cycle [CICIC.. BTBT.. XIR. 2. 1. 1. 1. g. in the entry and exit ducting, the combustion chamber, and the heat exchanger).

34) 22 Advanced gas turbine cycles For an ‘irreversible’ Carnot type cycle (ICAR) with all heat supplied at the top temperature and all heat rejected at the lowest temperature (Tmm= T3, Tmin= To, = 0, &;CAR = l), but with irreversible compression and expansion ( q c m = uB/crA < I), Eqs. 35) However, use of Eqs. 33b) because the values of IQ and IF”are not the same in the LTB, JB and ICAR cycles. 4. The maximum work may then be written as where G is the Gibbs function, G = H - TS. This is the maximum work obtainable from such a combustion process and is usually used in defining the rational efficiency of an open circuit plant.

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Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles: A Brief Review of Power Generation Thermodynamics by J. H. Horlock

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