By Frederick Copleston
Conceived initially as a significant presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A historical past Of Philosophy has journeyed a long way past the modest function of its writer to common acclaim because the top background of philosophy in English.
Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of mammoth erudition who as soon as tangled with A. J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the life of God and the potential for metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient diet of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers used to be reduced to simplistic caricatures. Copleston set out to redress the inaccurate by way of writing a whole heritage of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and intellectual pleasure -- and one who provides full place to every philosopher, providing his inspiration in a beautifully rounded demeanour and exhibiting his links to those that went ahead of and to people who came after him.
The results of Copleston's prodigious labors is a heritage of philosophy that's not going ever to be exceeded. Thought journal summed up the final contract between students and scholars alike while it reviewed Copleston's A heritage of Philosophy as "broad-minded and goal, entire and scholarly, unified and good proportioned... we can't suggest [it] too highly."
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Extra resources for A History of Philosophy [Vol VIII]. Modern philosophy, empiricism, idealism, and pragmatism in Britain and America
To conclude this section. Bentham, with what we may call his quantitative point of view, naturally emphasized the individual unit. Each is to count, so to speak, as one and not as more than one. And this idea naturally led him in the direction of democratic convictions. Mill shared these convictions; but he came to lay the emphasis on quality, on the development of the individual personality, a value which is best assured in a democratically constituted society. a change from the concept of the pleasure-seeking and pain-avoiding unit ~o the concept of the personality seeking the harmonious and Integrated active development of all his powers, is perhaps the most salient characteristic of Mill's development of utilitarianism om the philosophical point of view.
So MILL: LOGIC AND EMPIRICISM 51 synthesizing the rules for estimating eVidence and advancing from known to unknown truths rather than on its function as providing rules for formal consistency in reasoning. l But Mill is not interested simply in developing a systematic theory of inductive logic as employed in natural science. He is also concerned with working out a logic of what he calls the moral sciences, which include psychology and sociolOgy. True, he actually considered this topic before he found himself able to complete a satisfactory account of inductive logic as given in the third book of the System of Logic.
A We have already seen, however, that when syllogistic inference constitutes the second half of a total process of reasoning from Logic, I, p. 225 (I, 2, 3, 5). , I, p. 223 (I, 2, 3, 4). , I, p. 221 (I, 2, 3, 4). S. MILL: LOGIC AND EMPIRICISM premisses to conclusion, it is in effect a process of interpreting a formu1a, namely the major premiss. And in this case the sharp distinction between two kinds of logic collapses. Syllogistic reasoning is simply a process of interpretation. It can stand on its own, so to speak, as may happen when a theologi~ takes his major premiss from the authority of the Scripture or the Church.
A History of Philosophy [Vol VIII]. Modern philosophy, empiricism, idealism, and pragmatism in Britain and America by Frederick Copleston