By Dave McRae
Regardless of no earlier background of modern unrest, Poso, from 1998-2007, grew to become the location of the main protracted inter-religious clash in postauthoritarian Indonesia, in addition to some of the most vital theatres of operations for the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist community. 9 years of violent clash among Christians and Muslims in Poso increased a formerly little identified district in jap Indonesia to nationwide and international prominence. Drawing on a decade of analysis, for the main half carried out whereas the clash was once ongoing, this e-book presents the 1st finished heritage of this violence. It additionally addresses the puzzle of why the Poso clash was once capable of persist for thus lengthy in an more and more, sturdy democratic country, regardless of the take place weaknesses of the small teams of guys using the violence.
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Additional info for A Few Poorly Organized Men: Interreligious Violence in Poso, Indonesia
Although religious identity was not always the determining factor in filling these posts, Bertrand suggests that pious Muslims were deliberately excluded during the early Suharto era. With communism crushed by the 1965–6 massacres, he notes, the regime saw Islam as the greatest potential challenge to its hold on power (Bertrand 2004:82). Much as Islam was excluded from political representation in the 1970s and 1980s, its social influence continued to strengthen during this period. 29 State development policies increased levels of education across the community, closing the gap in educational attainment between Muslims and Christians and giving rise to an expanding Muslim middle class.
The American political scientist Paul Brass provides such a model, developed out of his scholarship on Hindu-Muslim riots in Northern India. Brass’s model forms the core of a virtual consensus position on riot production in India (Chandra 2006; Berenschot 2009:415). ’ Although partspontaneous, it is organization that is key to the occurrence of the riots that Brass analyses. In particular, he identifies the operation of ‘institutionalized riot systems’, networks of individuals of diverse occupations who produce riots through a pronounced division of labour.
38 chapter three specialists’ seize on such incidents at moments of political opportunity to mobilize supporters to initiate a riot. Chief among their core supporters are ‘riot specialists’, namely criminals on the payroll or otherwise beholden to the riot system who perpetrate the initial acts of violence. The role of conversion specialists and riot specialists is a significant point of difference with Horowitz’s model—it is their agential action that makes the difference to riot occurrence rather than the nature of the precipitating event, which may be entirely trivial.
A Few Poorly Organized Men: Interreligious Violence in Poso, Indonesia by Dave McRae